I am starting a series of videos on pfSense. Both physical and VM instances will be used. Topics such as using a failover physical pfSense to work with a VM pfSense.
Using VLANs. Blocking ads. Setting up squid and squid guard and other topics. This part is an introduction part gives an overview of the series of videos and talks about pfSense and its advantages. This is great! I've always wondered if something like this existed, i kept thinking about setting up old Cisco routers to get better performance. I noticed in your video you mentioned something about sending a WOL packet to your backup pfSense box to initiate a startup when your VM switches off.
Do you mind sharing how you implemented this solution? Don't you have to shutdown your backup pfSense in such a way that keeps the NIC powered so that you can send a WOL packet when you need to wake it up?
Hi joelones Just set in the bios of the pfsense to enable wake on lan. You will need to generate some ssh key pairs on unRAID and copy the public key to the admin user in pfsense. Editing right now. Should be up tomorrow.
How To Set Up WireGuard on unRAID
Work has been really busy and getting in the way!!! Always the way for me at work, a job I think will be a couple of hours turns into all day. Hey Grid. First of all thanks for all the videos. I watched the first pfsense sense video but ventured out on my own before the 2nd was released.I've noticed that more and more users are creating pfSense VMs like me, or are buying dedicated boxes.
I've spent a long time trying to get the traffic shaper working, and once I figured it out it was very easy to do. I'm sharing this with the community to help others who are new to pfSense and to encourage others to do so.
PRIQ is the most basic and assigns a priority of with seven being the highest where traffic with priority 7 gets bandwidth first and priority 6 doesn't until 7 has taken all it wants, then priority 5 and so on.
The problem here is that certain services can hog all the bandwidth rather than ensuring everyone gets a 'little' e. The pfSense wizard takes care of setting up the majority of HFSC rules necessary and a few tweaks are needed to personalise the rules e.
Then choose HFSC, set your speeds and interfaces. Remember to at a min reduce your line speed for your WAN to make sure pfSense shapes:. Next up, decide if you want to shape P2P traffic and tick which protocols. I only use BitTorrent so I only ticked that one:. Other protocols can be raised or lowered.
Any that aren't listed can be added through custom floating rules later e. Then click finish and wait for pfSense to automatically create all the rules. If you click on any of the queues you can control its behaviour. Once I got my head around the three points above and that children queues share the bandwidth allocated to their parent, editing the rules became quite easy. Hopefully that all made sense. I now have a happier household as no-one service hogs the internet, with foreground traffic getting priority and background traffic allowed to only grab bandwidth when foreground services don't need it.Kahaan hum kahaan tum maha episode 16 november
Haven't got around to this yet, but awesome guide mate Sent from my LG-H using Tapatalk. Creating a custom queue is easy. I do this to isolate special types of traffic or to be able to see if any rules I've created for traffic that isn't covered in the Wizard has worked.
For example, this is how I've created a new child queue qSabnzbd for my port NNTP traffic as the wizard only covers port Floating rules are typically used for traffic shaping as they don't block or reject - just apply an action.
They work differently to normal firewall rules as they don't block i. So, be careful you don't have conflicting rules or make sure you have your most important at the bottom not top. I also found that I had to tick 'Quick' at the top of the rule creation page, which forces the rule to act immediately, to get this rule to work.
The queue is for ack acknowledge packets without payload. Ack packets are the method your system tells the remote servers you have received the payload they sent and to send the next one. By prioritizing these packets you can keep your transfer rates high even on a highly saturated link. For example, if you are downloading a file and you receive a chunk of data the remote system will not send you the next chunk of data until you send them an OK.
The OK is the ack packet. When you send the ack packet the remote system knows you got the packet and it has checked out, thus it will send the next one. If on the other hand you delay ack packets, the transfer rate will diminish quickly because the remote system wont send anything new until you respond.
Even if you have a super-fast connection, optimising your qACK is one reason I believe every user should traffic shape with pfSense - if your ack packets are not getting priority, then your download speeds won't be optimised. Can you explain what you meant by "Changing the speed for my LAN to match the speed of my network - 1Gbps".
I don't see where you would of set the Lan speed? I can see that everything is getting dumped into High at the moment, I will need to work on some rules but currently looking at getting DCSP working from windows.Ninja legends codes
The application is a home application where I want to use it for vpn. I do run a smal business from the house.
Unleash Your Hardware
I guess this would bring me to the question. Why should I use one method or the other? Is one going to be more reliable and secure over the other? I definitely want it to be both of those as I hate messing with things once they are properly configured and should be running on their own.
I vpn into pretty much every day from work. I would think that more than capable of running a pfsense vm. Since you currently have the hardware, not sure why I would buy new to run pfsense. Does your current box have more than 1 nic?
You really going to want at min 2 nics - one for the wan connection and then 1 for your lan side. You didn't say how much memory you have but I would look at putting a Virtualization software on the box and run a virtual PFsense on top. You should be able to use the box for more than just PFsense. I don't think it will hold back my connection speed at all. The real question is the downside to running pfsense in a VM?
Is it less secure? Less effective? Performance not as good? I know one downside is when performing maintenance on the machine, my internet connection would be down, but it is seldomly ever down and rarely for more than a few minutes when it is.
In an emergency situation, I could always throw the router back to default settings and run back on the router to get things on the network going again. That would only happen if I needed a replacement part for the machine that needed to be ordered. Less secure since you have more software on the box - In reality this isn't a problem.
A huge amounts of major companies and organisations runs their firewalls as virtual machines. A little more complex to set up - Yes but there is knowledge on this forum and other places on how to do it right I use Hyper-V myself. Create a snapshot before an uppgrade - Ie you have a copy of the virtual machine before the upgrade.I'm in a very weird situation. My existing pfsense vm won't boot and even when I try creating a fresh instance, that won't boot either.
I added two new sticks of ram today and I'm running a memtest now.
But, surely even if one of the sticks is faulty it wouldn't only impact freebsd based VMs????? I doubt that adding ram would cause this, but is the VM vdisk damaged. I think from your post you have already tried to a fresh pfSense VM, using a new blank vdisk? How many DIMMs do you have in that mainboard? If you have all 8 DIMM slots filled up, drop your ram speed to Well, that was a wild goose chase for 6 hours.Omnisd online download
Because I made so many hardware changes new ram, new gpu, moved cards and disks as well as removing most kit to clean, I assumed I'd done something wrong. The issue was pfsense needs an xml edit to work post 6. I think the edit must have dropped off because of the hardware changes.
What's the source for the Ram timings? That is where I got it from. AMD also says on their site that the ram speed is a max ofbut they don't go into details on how many sticks. I've got 8 X 16GB and previously 6 sticks. I don't know much about ram settings as I gave up on overclocking about 15 years ago, so I always just go for the auto settings in the bios.
I'll monitor for a bit to see if things seem odd. I suspect your system is fine, but keep an eye on it for random lock ups or crashes or even kernel panics now that you have 8 DIMMS. If you get any of that out of the blue, drop the ram speed to Glad you got your issue resolved. Are you willing to share your edits to make pfSense work? Seems there are a few other users on the forums having issues with getting pfSense up and running.
I also use pfSense, but have keep that BM for now. The culprit is the cpu-mode "host-passthrough". Switching it in the gui should work if you havn't setup any special CPU flags. Another way is to edit the xml like the following:. For future Pfsense versions this is a requirement if I remember correctly. I used the Skylake emulation above - somehow with the upgrade or my panicked tinkering, the edit was lost from my xml.
Hi, i am trying to figure out a nice set-up for all my virtual servers. Right now i have put all my VM's in a virtual network vibr0 and added the pfsense to it as a firewall for all the VM's. I have done a check were i use speedtest-cli in the command line of the pfsense, and check in another window the cpu usage with top -S -H. I tried: Switching virtual nic i started with a virtual intel nic, but have the same results with a vmware network card vmnetx3.
Does anyone have any clue what might cause this or how to fix? All the other VM's and the pfsense have a connection to vibr0, where IP's are set static. Stock speeds, water cooled running at 4ghz max nearly always at maximum. Hmm, yeah if that's what it's really getting it should be far more than what is needed for Mbps. Default clock of an fx is 3. Just know that this is a Virtual Machine. Unraid config over here:. During a speedtest on the pfsense speedtest-cli with mbit download the clock rates are this on unraid 8 core cpu so 8 speeds :.
Also a little addon on how it looks in the pfsense WebGui when the firewall is at idle and when doing a speedtest: During a speedtest top -S -H:. From what i have found so far i think this has to do because i am using virtual nic and not a physical nic. Can someone confirm this?
It should not just of itself. There are many people running virtualised and not seeing that, including in KVM. Shouldn't be that hard to do. Ill post more after some more testing.
Download speed was mbit. So i have no clue what the option is other than the virtual nic or somethingAquantia Corp. I had internet, I could ping. Ie from Speedtest, 80 mbit then dropped to mbit. I could ping everything and speedtest did not cause drops nor bufferbloat, downloaded and I had no drops just slow. Accessing anything on atleast the.
Samba shares nothing but I could ping. Firewall showed nothing being blocked between the source-dest, states showed active connections. And yes, I would use Nic passthrough if I could, but I cannot cause I do not have any more ports to use on my motherboard.
I have been working on this also for a while. A totally virtualised pfsense VM running on unraid. I worked long and hard but eventually found the incompatibility of pfsense to work with the bro interface NICS under virtio to be the big issue. I finally decided to change pfsense to opnsense and retest as that project fork seems to have better compatability with the NIC drivers and seems pretty much identical to pfsense. On that VM I setup 2 br0 interfaces using virtio basically you dont need to edit the xml just use the gui and set the machine to ifx Im on unraid 6.
During install of opnsense I set it to use legacy boot MBR rather than secure boot and installed. It might be possible to fix pfsense if you wanted to use that adding better drivers somehow?
Hopefully this information can help you, sorry its a few months late, but I only started setting my one up in December and its taken me this long to find a workaround and then test it in production. Thanks allot for your research, This has solved 2 days of trial error.
Opensense works great! Yeah its basically the exact same product anyway. Following guides for pfsense or opnsense works basically the same if you are setting things up and I had no problem changing to opnsense at home.
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Product Pricing Community Blog. Sign In.I am, of course, talking about WireGuard. What does that mean for you? It's fast. Let's begin! Install it:. In the tunnel VPN configuration, give the tunnel a name. Also specify your dynamic DNS name in the local endpoint section and generate your keys:.
The purpose of this local endpoint information is to tell your client how to find your WireGuard VPN server in the vast world of the internet. In my case, this blog is self-hosted that is, this blog's web server sits on the same network as my unRAID server in my homelab and therefore I will use my URL as the local endpoint. Also take note of the port specified typicallywe'll need it to set up port forwarding on the firewall. This will vary from router-to-router.
I use pfSense which leads to the simple rule shown below:. All routers will have this ability typically under advanced configurationbut if you need help with this step, let me know in the comments below and I'll do my best to help you out. Activate your WireGuard server and set it so that it automatically starts on boot up:.
Set peer type to "Remote Tunneled Access". Click apply:. Note: I am making a judgement call here with the "peer type of access" to use. My recommendation of "Remote tunneled access" does two things for us that I think most users will want:. This will present you with the configuration for your client. Click download:. To be able to use this configuration file, you'll need to download the WireGuard client available here install it :.
If you are running a Pi-hole docker container on unRAID, keep reading for the special set up below that will allow you to keep using your Pi-hole docker container. Again, all of this is optional. If you do, you'll likely run into a problem with DNS resolution at this point. This may be a bit of an oversimplification since I think when you use the "custom" network type in the Docker container, you're actually using an ipvlan network, but the end result is apparently the same. The way around this is would be to either move to another interface or set up a router-on-a-stick with VLANs.
However, I recognize that this isn't necessarily the most practical solution. VLANs carry a lot of overhead in the sense that your network has to be set up for them.How to Have One UniFi AP-AC-LR & Two WiFi Networks with pfsense, VLANS, & No Managed Switch.
And you don't necessarily have a second NIC for the alternative interface option. In that spirit, I have found a way around having to do either, instead I'll have you first move your unRAID webGUI port off port 80 to a new port and subsequently switch your Pi-hole Docker container over to the host network. Detailed instructions below! For those of you who don't have a homelab exotic enough to have VLANs and who also don't have a spare NIC lying around, I have come up with a solution to make the Docker Pi-Hole container continue to function if you are using WireGuard.
Take your Pi-hole container and edit it. Change the network type to "Host". This will allow us to avoid the problems inherent in trying to have two bridge networks talk to each other in Docker. Thus removing our need to use a VLAN or set up a separate interface. We'll need to do some minor container surgery. Unfortunately the Docker container lacks sufficient control to handle this through parameters.
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